Exploring the KS1 Curriculum in the United Kingdom: A Complete Guide for Parents


Understanding the key stage 1 (KS1) curriculum in the United Kingdom is essential for parents to support their child’s education. During this crucial stage of development, children aged 5 to 7 embark on their academic journey, building the foundation of essential skills and knowledge. This guide aims to provide parents with a comprehensive overview of the KS1 curriculum, enabling them to actively engage in their child’s learning process.

What is the KS1 Curriculum?

The KS1 curriculum encompasses a range of subjects and areas of learning designed to promote children’s intellectual, emotional, and social development. The core subjects include:

1. English

  • Developing phonics skills
  • Reading and comprehension
  • Writing: grammar, punctuation, and creative writing

2. Mathematics

  • Number recognition and counting
  • Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
  • Shapes, measurements, and basic geometry

3. Science

  • Exploring the natural world
  • Understanding basic scientific concepts
  • Conducting simple experiments

4. Computing

  • Introduction to digital literacy and safe internet usage
  • Basic coding skills and computational thinking

5. Art and Design

  • Exploring creativity through various art forms
  • Using different techniques and materials

6. Design and Technology

  • Understanding the problem-solving process
  • Exploring materials, tools, and their functionalities
  • Building and evaluating simple constructions

7. History

  • Introducing key historical events and figures
  • Understanding the concept of time and chronology
  • Developing historical research skills

8. Geography

  • Exploring different continents, countries, and landscapes
  • Learning basic map-reading skills
  • Understanding human and physical geography

9. Physical Education (PE)

  • Developing fundamental movement skills
  • Teamwork and sportsmanship
  • Improving overall fitness and well-being

10. Religious Education (RE)

  • Introducing various religions and their beliefs
  • Exploring values, traditions, and moral dilemmas

Assessment in KS1

Assessment plays a crucial role in measuring children’s progress and informing their educational journey. In KS1, assessments are made through a combination of teacher observations, continuous classwork, and occasional tests or quizzes. The government also provides optional national tests (commonly known as SATs) at the end of Year 2 to gauge children’s performance.

How Parents Can Support Their Child’s Learning

As a parent, you play a vital role in your child’s education. Here are some ways you can support your child’s learning during KS1:

1. Communication with Teachers

Regularly communicate with your child’s teachers to stay informed about their progress, strengths, and areas for improvement. This collaboration ensures you can provide the necessary support at home.

2. Establishing a Structured Routine

Creating a consistent routine helps children understand and prioritize their studies. Encourage regular reading, dedicated study time, and active engagement in homework and projects.

3. Reading Together

Reading together fosters a love for books and improves comprehension skills. Explore a wide range of genres, encourage discussions, and ask questions to enhance understanding.

4. Making Learning Fun

Incorporate educational games, puzzles, and interactive activities into everyday life. This approach makes learning enjoyable and enhances your child’s engagement with the curriculum.

5. Celebrating Achievements

Appreciate and celebrate your child’s achievements, no matter how small. Positive reinforcement motivates them to excel and boosts their confidence.

6. Encouraging Curiosity

Foster a sense of curiosity by encouraging questions, exploration, and independent thinking. This cultivates a lifelong love for learning.


Understanding the KS1 curriculum empowers parents to actively participate in their child’s educational journey. By familiarizing themselves with the core subjects and supporting their child’s learning, parents can provide a strong foundation for future academic success. Embrace the joy of exploration, collaboration with teachers, and the power of a structured routine to lay the groundwork for a well-rounded education.

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